The world we live in today is drastically exposed to different types of harmful chemicals, and other harmful elements in the atmosphere are causing a severe threat to the global temperature,
leading to global warming. Many steps are being taken in the right direction to reduce its impact, one among which is the green building systems.
Green building systems are part of building sectors that help reduce their contribution to global warming and release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. According to a recent study conducted in 2020, over 35% of the carbon dioxide emissions are from building sectors causing great damage to the environment.
Green buildings follow a more sustainable approach to building quality buildings, which not only prevent the harm caused to the environment, but also help in improving the quality of life.
Components of a green building
There are seven essential components of a green building that help in achieving their goals to build a more sustainable living environment.
Energy is one of the most used components in the world, which is used to power appliances and aid in day-to-day activities. However, over the years, the use of renewable resources has caused depletion in resource availability. Hence, green buildings use non-renewable resources like water, wind, and solar, which are also widely affordable.
One of the best ways green buildings save water is by installing water-efficient appliances like drought-resistance plant systems, efficient irrigation systems, efficient plumbing fixtures and appliances, and many others. They also replace the roof with asphalt or other turfs with porous materials to soak up and save rainwater. These are called green roofs and are the most efficient systems in green buildings, which help in water storage and conservation.
Indoor air quality plays a direct role in impacting the resident’s health and comfort. By working on essential factors like the choice of materials, design, architecture, and coordination among the building teams, it is possible to enhance indoor air quality. Also, green buildings possess an excellent ventilation system by monitoring for timely maintenance. Furthermore, they ensure to avoid harmful substances as much as possible.
Green building rating systems
The construction of any building has a considerable impact on nature. Hence, these rating systems help mitigate the harmful effects caused to the environment by providing measurement, encouragement, and recognition of the best and the most sustainable building practices.
The first green building rating system was built in 1990 to ensure the sustainable design factors of green buildings. After the increase in popularity and efficiency, many others followed suit. Now, various certification programs help determine green buildings. They are:
- Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)
- Energy Star
- Green Globes
- National Green building standard